What is the role of eggs in female fertility and sperms in case of male fertility?

What is the role of eggs in female fertility and sperms in the case of male fertility?

Eggs and sperms are reproductive gametes in human beings. A female’s ovary contains about 1-2 million/oocytes (eggs) at the time of her birth. A woman is not capable of making new eggs, and in fact, there is a continuous decline in the total number of eggs each month. By the time, a female enters puberty, only about 25% of her lifetime total egg pool remains, around 300,000.

The large number of eggs that are used each month accounts for the steady decline in the female’s total egg pool that occurs from birth to menopause. The declining egg quality and fertility come naturally with age. Therefore, it can be said that fertility is driven by egg quality.

In case of males, their sperm health is directly proportional to its fertility aspects. The quantity (at least 30 million sperm per millimeter), movement, morphology of the sperm determines the male fertility and its ability in fertilizing the egg resulting in pregnancy in female partner.


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