Male Infertility Treatment in Chennai

Male infertility treatment in chennai has increased in the past decade with 1 in 8 couples having trouble getting pregnant or sustaining the pregnancy. Studies reveal that approximately 1/3rd of the infertility is attributed to the female partner, while 1/3rd is attributed to the male partner and the balance is caused by the combination of problems in both partners or for any unexplained reasons.

Causes of Male Infertility

In recent years, male infertility is involved in approximately 50% of the infertile couples, and in about 30% of cases, an abnormality is discovered solely in the male partner. The following causes of male infertility include-

Environmental Causes

  • Environmental pollution such as excessive heat while performing occupations such as by truck drivers, welders, firefighters may result in the reduction of their sperm count.
  • Sitting for longer periods, wearing tight clothing or a sedentary lifestyle may result in an increase in the temperature of the scrotum thereby reducing sperm production.
  • Exposure to toxins such as pesticides, herbicides, heavy metals, lead or mercury or paint
  • Prolonged exposure to radiation may also result in the reduction of sperm production and function
  • Exposure to prolonged Radiation from laptops/cellphones etc.;

Medical Causes

  • Chronic diseases such as anemia, cancer, diabetes, neurological diseases,heart disease etc
  • Diseases of the male genital tract such as infection, trauma or retrograde ejaculation
  • Surgery on the male genital tract such as treatment of undescended testicle or hernia
  • Varicocele
  • Malignant tumors may affect the male reproductive organs directly or indirectly affecting glands that release hormones related to reproduction such as the pituitary glands.
  • Use of drugs including antibiotics, prescription medicines, alcohol, marijuana
  • Stress factors such as depression, hallucinations, etc.;
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Retrograde ejaculation, which occurs when the semen is forced back into the bladder
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Complications from radiation therapy or surgery
  • History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs,
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Undescended testicles where one or both testicles fail to descent from abdomen into the sac (scrotum) may also result in the cause for male infertility.
  • Defect of tubules that transport sperm due to blockage arising out of injuries from surgery or any prior infection or abnormal development such as cystic fibrosis.
  • A natural physical blockage – or surgical vasectomy – in male tubes (vas deferens) that carry sperm from the testicles to mix with semen before ejaculation.
  • Cancer treatment can cause male infertility (men preparing to undergo radiation or chemotherapy are strongly advised to consult a reproductive endocrinologist or oncologist regarding sperm freezing).
  • Celiac Disease in which the patient is sensitive to gluten can be the cause or source of male infertility.

Other Causes of Male Infertility

  • Usage of steroids to stimulate muscles such as in bodybuilders some of whom may use steroids to stimulate muscle strength and growth that causes the testicles to shrink and result in reduced sperm production.
  • Use of drugs such as cocaine, marijuana may temporarily reduce the number and quality of the sperms as well.
  • Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels, may cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production.
  • Obesity is known to impair fertility that includes a reduction in sperm count as well as in hormonal changes.
  • Accidents resulting in injuries that may result in damage to the reproductive system.

Symptoms of Male Infertility

The symptoms of male infertility may become apparent when your female partner has not become pregnant after you have tired 1 year of regular/natural sexual intercourse without any birth control.

However, in such a case, it may be possible that your female partner may also be suffering from female infertility problems and an infertility expert or doctor/gynecologist will test both you and your partner to find the exact cause of infertility. The common symptoms of male infertility include-

Changes in sexual desire

Changes in sexual desires may arise due to changes in virility that may be due to hormonal factors, and could indicate issues with fertility.

Testicle pain or swelling

There are several different conditions that could lead to pain or swelling in the testicles, many of which could contribute to infertility.

Problems maintaining an erection

A male person’s ability to maintain an erection is often linked to his hormone levels. Reduced male hormone levels may result in maintaining an erection during sexual intercourse.

Issues with ejaculation

Similarly, an inability to ejaculate is a sign that it might be time to visit an infertility center like Kiran Infertility Centre – Chennai.

Small, firm testicles

The testes can be compared akin to a locker room where your sperms are treasured, so testicle health is paramount to male fertility. Testicles that are small in size, hard, or firm require the attention of the andrologists or infertility experts when diagnosing the symptoms of male infertility.

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Prevention from male infertility – An overview

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In male infertility, the proverb “Prevention is better than cure” aptly sums up or fits in whole as it is important to avoid some known causes of infertility that includes-

  • Avoid sexually transmitted diseases
  • Do not indulge in the consumption of drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, hash etc
  • Do not expose yourself from radiation when possible
  • Avoiding exposure to toxic substances
  • Avoiding heavy or frequent use of alcohol
  • Observing good personal hygiene and health practices
  • Avoiding long, hot baths, hot tubs or saunas
  • Wearing loose-fitting underwear
  • Reduce stress by indulging in meditation, doing exercises and other activities that help you reducing your stress levels.

For more information about Male infertility and its treatment options, you can talk to your infertility specialists, andrologists at Kiran Infertility Centre – Chennai.