Female Infertility Treatment in Chennai
Female Infertility Treatment in Chennai is a term used when a woman of fertility age desirous of conceiving a baby is unable to achieve pregnancy over full one year despite of frequent sexual intercourse. Most of the couples (approximately 85%) usually achieve pregnancy within one year of trying with the greatest likelihood of conception occurring during the earlier months.
Nevertheless, if conception does not occur within 12 months then it may be due to female infertility factors. Female infertility factors contribute to 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately 1/3rd of all infertility cases. Female infertility can result from the following factors-
- Infrequent menstrual periods
- Female age of 35 years or older
- A history of pelvic infections or sexually transmitted diseases
- Known uterine fibroids or endometrial polyps
- Prolonged exposure to radiation or certain chemicals can cause infertility
- Smoking habit is one of the causes of female infertility
Causes of Female Infertility
Advancing maternal age
Age is an important factor affecting a woman’s fertility. Female age-related infertility is the most common cause of infertility in this modern age. As woman age, egg quality, and egg numbers decrease at a rapid rate resulting in the ability to conceive a normal pregnancy decrease from when a woman is in her early 30s into her 40s. A woman is rarely fertile beyond the age of 45 years.
However, this applies to the ability to conceive with her eggs but not with the donor eggs. The most important cause of female infertility is due to the depletion of a woman’s ovarian reserve of its eggs. During the reproductive age of a woman, some eggs never mature and others are released during her menstrual cycles. The balance eggs, age with her and older she is the more likely that they have hard shells (zona pellucid). In this condition, the sperm is unable to penetrate the egg or result in genetic defects that prevent fertilization or cause miscarriage.
Ovulatory Dysfunction or ovulation disorders result in female infertility. A normal ovulation results in the release of a mature egg that is essential for women to conceive naturally. Ovulation can be detected by keeping a menstrual calendar or by using an ovulation predictor kit. Many disorders may impact the ability of a woman to ovulate normally. The most common disorders or forms of Ovulatory Dysfunction or disorders include-
- Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS causes hormone imbalance which affects ovulation. PCOS is usually linked with insulin resistance and obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, and acne.
- Hypothalamic dysfunction is a medical condition in which there occurs a disruption in the production of two hormones known as follicle-stimulating hormone – FSH and luteinizing hormone or LH by the pituitary gland in female infertility.
- Premature ovarian failure also called the primary ovarian insufficiency due to autoimmune response or by premature loss of eggs from ovary resulting in lowering estrogen production in women under the age of 40.
- Excessive production of prolactin by the pituitary gland results in the reduction of estrogen production leading to female infertility.
Tubal occlusion (blockage or damage to fallopian tubes)
The fallopian tubes are responsible for carrying eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. However, when these fallopian tubes are blocked due to infections or Pelvic inflammatory diseases or PID’s such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia then in such cases an ovulated egg is unable to be fertilized by sperm or in reaching the endometrial cavity. Serious infections can also cause scar tissue and damage to CILIA (the small hairs lining the tubes to help the eggs move through). PID may result in pelvic or abdominal pain. Blocked tubes are treated through minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy or hysteroscopy) to either remove the tube or block or separate it from the uterus is recommended before undertaking any infertility treatments.
Endometrial polyps or fibroids
Endometrial polyps or fibroids are benign tumors that occur in the uterine cavity arising from the lining of the uterus called the endometrium. These polyps affect the implantation of the fertilized embryo resulting in heavy bleeding, pain and abdominal pressure.
These polyps can block fallopian tubes or interfere with the implantation thereby affecting fertility. Studies show that polyps can decrease fertility by up to 50% and in some cases necessitate the removal of polyps through a minimally invasive procedure known as hysteroscopy.
Endometriosis can be described as a medical condition whereby cells or tissues very similar to the ones lining the uterine cavity or endometrium are found outside the uterine cavity. This growth leads to the formation of scar tissue in the fallopian tubes resulting in blockage of fallopian tubes thereby keeping away an egg and sperm from uniting. Endometriosis causes potential detrimental effects on egg, sperm or embryo resulting in infertility.
Premature ovarian failure
Premature ovarian failure or early menopause can occur in some women resulting in early depletion of the ovarian reserve of its eggs. The causes of premature ovarian failure may be due to factors such as-
- Exposure to certain environmental pollutions such as chemicals, gases etc
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy during cancer treatment
- Genital tuberculosis and endometriosis can affect the hormones or damage the ovaries resulting in the stoppage of egg production.
- Some genetic disorders may also trigger the premature ovarian failure
- Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus or Rheumatoid arthritis can result in premature ovarian failure.
Other causes of female infertility-
A combination of several minor factors in both partners such as the cervix not producing the best type of mucus to allow sperm to travel through the cervix into the uterus, lifestyle changes or taking certain medications may cause female infertility.
So, if you are suffering from female infertility issues then it is the right time to visit Kiran Infertility Centre – Chennai for knowing more about female infertility and the treatment options available at KIC – Chennai.